Wednesday, December 3, 2014

* Museums and Culture in Santiago, Chile




Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes


Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Santiago de Chile
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes in Santiago

National Museum of Fine Arts, also known as  Fine Arts Palace, located in front of Parque Forestal, near Santiago downtown, with permanent, temporary and itinerant exhibitions.  Beautiful building inaugurated in 1910, designed by the Chilean- French architect Emile Jequier, currently the art gallery keeps collections of Chilean and foreign art from Colonial times to the present day, totalling more than five thousand pieces.  Behind is situated the Museum of Contemporary Art, created in 1947, run by the Faculty of Arts of the University of Chile, with a collection of about two thousand pieces and files, among which you can appreciate sculptures, paintings and installation art. The Museo de Arte Contemporaneo has two buildings in Santiago, the other one known as "Palacio Versailles", at Quinta Normal Park in Matucana Avenue.

Hours: Tuesday to Sunday, 10.00 to 18:50 Hrs.



Museo Historico Nacional (Chilean National History Museum) 


     Address: 951 of Plaza de Armas, institution founded in 1911, its aim is to make known the History of Chile from the prehispanic era until the 1970s.  It is situated in the main square of Santiago  in the heart of the civic center of the city, where once were located the main institutions during the colonial period. When the conquistador Pedro de Valdivia, founder of the city died in the battle of Tucapel in 1553, his plot was divided into the Governor's Residence (now Central Mail), the Royal Court (today National History Museum) and the Cabildo Colonial ( today Municipality of Santiago). It has a permanent exhibition where the History of Chile is summarized in 18 themed rooms and on the ground floor of the Museum, is the Sala Gobernadores, for temporary exhibitions. Nearby, at the Plaza de Armas Metro Station you can also find free exhibits of the Museum.
Visiting Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 to 18:00 hrs, except holidays:  January 1, Good Friday,  May 1, September 17, 18, and 19, November 1 and December 25. 


Biblioteca Nacional (National Library of Chile)


     Address: 651 Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins Av., with more than two hundred years (founded on August 19, 1813), this Public Library that depends on the Ministry of Education  is one of the most important in Latin America since it includes a bibliographic catalog with over 1,100,000 records and a digital collection  catalog of over 165,000 items. There is also the "Memoria Chilena", digital resource center including many thematic researches about Chile's history and idiosyncrasy. At just steps from the Santa Lucia Station, Line 1 of the Metro.
Hours: Monday through Friday, 9:00 to 19:00. The last loan is  at 18.45 Hrs.
Saturday: 9:10 to 14:00 hours. The last loan is at  13:45 Hrs. Sundays and holidays closed.


Centro Cultural Palacio La Moneda  


      Run by a private, non-profit Foundation it is an underground cultural space in Santiago,  located beneath  the Plaza de la Ciudadania, in front of the south gate of  "La Moneda", the Government Palace.  It is a modern cultural hub of 7,200 m2, of a beautiful architecture with two main exhibition centers.  Fairs and exhibitions of varied cultures are offred here but mainly this is a site of great value to understand the social, political and economic changes Chile has undergone.  Besides the two large exhibition halls, there are other smaller venues such as the "Cineteca Nacional", two movie theaters with permanent Film Festivals, the "Centro de Documentacion de las Artes Visuales", audiovisual documents and publications about contemporary art in Chile, the Oriente, Poniente and lateral showrooms, shops with beautiful craftsmanship, etc.


Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos (Museum of Memory and Human Rights)


Museum of Memory and Human Rights- Santiago, Chile

     Address: 501 Matucana St., Quinta Normal Metro Station, Santiago.  On September 11, 1973 Chile suffered a breakdown of democracy. For reasons that are beside the point here, the economy was in a deep crisis, the society had reached an extreme degree of political polarization, upheaval and violence. The Military Junta headed by General Augusto Pinochet overthrew the democratic government of President Salvador Allende through a violent coupThe many economic achievements and modernization of the country in vast areas during the 17 years of military rule, were unfortunately stained with countless violations of human rights and repressionThe Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos is intended to give visibility to the abuses committed by the military government between 1973 and 1990, when democracy returned to Chile.      


Museo Interactivo "Mirador"


     Address: 6711 Punta Arenas St., La Granja Commune. Here you can live a fun and interactive experience. Especially dedicated to children, students and  general public who want to learn from the science and environment  around them through direct participation by touching, feeling and experiencing.  
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday, 9:30 to 18:30 Hrs, including public holidays, except January 1, 01 May, 25th December.


Museo Interactivo Artequin


Artequin Museum, Santiago, Chile
 Museo Interactivo Artequin - Santiago


     Address: 3530 Portales Av., Estacion Central Commune, the Artequin Museum is a non-profit corporation supported by the Municipality of Santiago and the private enterprise. It is a museum of interactive character which through its guides and activities like slide shows, videos, plays and didactic teachings allows children, youth and adults understand Art in an entertaining way. Its collection consists of photographic reproductions of universal works representative from the XV to the XX centuries. 

      Opened in 1992, its is installed in the Pabellon Paris (Paris Pavilion), situated opposite the Quinta Normal Park Santiago.  A very interesting fact is that the Paris Pavilion is a building built in 1889, in France, in order to represent Chile at the Paris World Exhibition held at the centenary of the Storming of the Bastille.  Because of its importance and architectural beauty, the Paris Pavilion was declared a National Monument in 1986.
Hours:  Tuesday to Friday, 9.00 to 17.00 Hrs.
                             Saturday, Sunday and Public Holidays: 11.00 to 18.00 Hrs.
                             Mondays and February Closed. 


Museo de Artes Visuales (Visual Arts Museum) 


     Address: 307 José Victorino Lastarria  St., (Mulato Gil de Castro Square).  Located in the Lastarria neighborhood near the Santa Lucia Hill, a hub of attraction,  recommendable place for tourists due to the tranquil surroundings, besides being an entertainment center by the number of theaters, art galleries and museums that are concentrated here.  Created in 2001, the 6 exhibition rooms include more than 1500 works of Chilean artists with Sculptures, Paintings, Installation Art, Photography, etc. 
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday: 10:30 to 18:30 Hrs.
Mondays and Holidays closed.


Museo Arqueologico (Archaeological Museum) 


     Created in 1981, next to the Visual Arts Museum in the "Mulato Gil de Castro" Square, Lastarria neighborhood, although small, this gallery shows a collection of more than 3300 archaeological pieces belonging to ancient cultures of North, Central and South of the country as well as of the Polynesian "Rapanui" ethnic group. One of its major attractions is the mummy of the Chinchorro culture, people that inhabited the coast of the Atacama Desert between 7020 and 1500 B.C.  This ancient people were the first in the world in artificially mummify their dead.  


Museo de Arte Precolombino (Chilean Museum of Precolumbian Art) 


Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino, Santiago de Chile
Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino
    Address: 361 Bandera St. (corner of Compañia St., just one block from Plaza de Armas), spacious and renovated facilities to go back in time and learn about the  the ancient American cultures from Mexico to the southernmost region of Chile. Built in 1805 to house the Palacio de la  Real Aduana  ( Royal Customs Palace) during the colonial administration.  
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday 10:00 to 18:00 Hrs.
Moday closed.




Museo Casa Colorada (Red House Museum)


     Address: 860 Merced St., in the heart of Santiago, a half block from the Main Square. This building was the abode of Mateo de Toro y Zambrano, President of the First Government Junta and who lived here until his death in 1811, its facade and interior represent what was the architecture of the colonial era. The five exhibition halls reflect four centuries of history of the city of Santiago, from the prehispanic era until the late 19th. century.
Hours:  Tuesday to Friday,  10:00 to 18:00 Hrs.
Saturday: 10:00 to 17:00 Hrs.
Sunday: 11:00 to 14:00 Hrs.,  Mondays closed.



Museo La Merced   


     Address: 341 Mac Iver St., next to the Temple of La Merced, religious order established in Chile since 1549. The Museum was created in 1873 and conceived initially as an antiques museum, with a variety of items of different quality and origin, this being the beginning of one of the richest collections where today you can find mostly religious objects of colonial times and of pre hispanic cultures besides and interesting exhibition of the Rapanui civilization of Easter Island.  
Hours: Monday to Friday: 9:00 to 14:00,  15:00 to 18:00
Saturday and Sunday: closed.

 

Museo del Carmen 


     Adjacent to the Templo Votivo de Maipu (Votive Temple of Maipu, one of the Communes that make up the metropolitan area). This museum keeps valuable  documents, treasures and civil and religious clothing  from the times of the Colony and Independence. Among the  documents stand out the original minutes of installation of the First  Government Junta,  in 1810. 
Hours: Tuesday to Friday: 09:30 to 14:00 and 15:00 to 18:00, Saturday and Sunday: 10:00 to 13:00 and 15:00 to 18:00 hours.


Antique Car Museum of Chile

     

Antique Car Museum of Santiago, Chile.
Photo property: radioactiva.cl
        The Museo de Autos Antiguos de Chile, is a non-profit organization, as attractive as little known. The exhibition was inaugurated on September 18, 2010, as a tribute to the bicentenary of the Republic of Chile. 
In the opinion of experts in the field, this museum is the most comprehensive of its kind in the whole Southern Hemisphere. As its owner Mr. Gabriel Lira states, a large percentage of the cars are in such good condition that could make a journey of hundreds of kilometers, reaching without problems the city of La Serena, 465 Km. away and many others even to Arica, distant 2032 km. from Santiago. The exhibit also features the Sala de Defensa, displaying material that has belonged to the Chilean Army. 
The facility is open for visits from Monday to Friday.
Hours: 10:00 to 17:00 hours.
Address: 200 Cañaveral St., Commune of Quilicura, Santiago.
Website: http://www.museoautosantiguoschile.cl/


Museo de Historia Natural (Natural History Museum


     Located inside the Quinta Normal Park in Santiago. With areas of Anthropology, Botany, Paleontology, Zoology and Entomology, this renovated museum reopened its doors in May 2012 after having been damaged in the great earthquake of 2010.
Hours: Tuesday to Saturday: 10:00 to 17:30 Hrs. 
Sundays and Holidays (except Mondays): 11:00 to 17:30 Hrs.
Closed January 1, May 1, September 18 and 19, December 25.


Museo de Arte Colonial (Colonial Art Museum)


     Address: 834 Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins Av., Santa Lucia Station, Line 1 of the Metro. Created in 1969 under the support of the Franciscan Congregation. It comprises seven exhibition halls and the San Francisco Church, one of the oldest buildings of Santiago de Chile as it began to be built in 1575,  declared National Monument in 1951. Although some maintenance is needed as several earthquakes have affected the structure since its inception, this exhibit of Andean Colonial Art is very interesting, especially the valuable pictorial works, working in silver, iron and other pieces. There is also the chamber called "Gabriela Mistral" (prominent Chilean Nobel Prize for Literature), where important documents of the writer are shown, along with the medal and diploma granted by the Swedish Academy to award the Nobel Prize.
Hours: Monday to Friday: 09:00 to 13:30 and 15:00 to 18:00 Hrs.
Saturday and Sunday: 10:00 to 14:00 Hrs.
Holidays closed. 
 


"La Chascona"  ("La Chascona" House- Museum)


Pablo Neruda's house in Santiago
Home of the Nobel Prize for Literature Pablo Neruda in Santiago
     Address: 0192 Fernando Marquez de la Plata St., Barrio Bellavista. Name with which the Chilean Nobel Prize for Literature Neftali Reyes Basoaldo, better known as Pablo Neruda, called to the house he had in Santiago. This House- Museum is a great attraction for visitors because apart from its rich history, culture and valuable documents, holds collections brought from around the world by the famous poet. This National Monument is located in the bohemian Barrio Bellavista, near the San Cristobal Hill, one of the areas most visited by tourists in Santiago, with many bars, restaurants and cultural centers.
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday: 10:00 to 18:00 (from March to December)
Tuesday to Sunday: 10:00 to 19:00 during (January and February)


Museo de la Moda  (Fashion Museum of Santiago)


     Address: 4562 Vitacura Av., Commune of Vitacura, Santiago. The Museo de la Moda is a private non- profit institution located in the commune of Vitacura, Santiago de Chile, which formerly was home to the Yarur - Bascuñan family, building dating from 1962. It was inaugurated in July 2007 by the Fundación Museo de la Moda , created in 1999 by Jorge Yarur Bascuñán, son of the lawyer and businessman Jorge Yarur Banna. This Fashion Museum collects, preserves and displays mainly garments that have been donated or acquired at international auctions, its collection is one of the most comprehensive among the private galleries in Chile since the exhibited pieces date from the Vth. century BC to the present.

     Some of the curiosities that can be found within these collections are: The red dress worn by Marilyn Monroe in 1956 for the premiere of the play "A View from the Bridge"; the mythical black leather jacket and a glove of the same material used by the actor Arnold Schwarzenegger in the movie "Terminator"; the wedding dress with which the actress Elizabeth Taylor married for the second time with Richard Burton in 1975; the black dress worn by Diana Princess of Wales in 1981 after announcing her engagement to Prince Charles; the military style jacket worn by John Lennon on the cover of a Life Magazine of 1966; a green velvet jacket worn by the musician Kurt Cobain in the concert Live and Loud of 1993; the white dress worn by singer Amy Winehouse on the cover of her 2006 album "Back to Black", etc., etc.
Hours:  Tuesday to Friday from 10:00 to 18:00 hours. On Mondays: closed to the public. 
Saturday and Sunday from 11:00 to 19:00 Hrs.


Museo Ralli  (Ralli Museum of Santiago)


     Address: 4110 Alonso de Sotomayor St., Commune of Vitacura, Santiago. The Ralli Museums make up a private non-profit organization with exhibition galleries in Uruguay, Israel, Spain and Chile whose aim is to show the public the contemporary Latin American Art. The Ralli Museum of Santiago, which features a great infrastructure and beautiful gardens, opened its doors in 1992, although not well known yet, it is one of the most beautiful of the Chilean capital. The Gallery has 16 exhibition rooms to house an important collection of Latin American art, unique in Chile, with artists from Argentina, Peru, Brazil, Colombia, Uruguay, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Cuba, among others. There is also an interesting collection belonging to famous artists like Salvador Dali, Marc Chagall, Auguste Rodin and Alexander Calder, who impress with their engravings and sculptures.
Hours: Tuesday to Sunday 10:30 to 17:00 hrs.
Holidays: closed.
February: closed.


Teatro Municipal (Municipal Theater of Santiago)  


Municipal Theater in Santiago, Chile
    Address: 794 Agustinas St., in the heart of Santiago.  Declared National Monument in 1974, this is the largest and oldest stage in Chile devoted to classical music, ballet and  opera   complemented with other art  manifestations like theater plays,  recitals of famous pianists,  lyrical singers, artists and companies of international renown that are presented on this proscenium.  Inaugurated on September 17, 1857, it is a French neoclassical building belonging to the Municipalidad de Santiago and even though it suffered a major fire that destroyed it completely in 1870, it was rebuilt with the same appearence of the original construction.