|"The Hand of the Desert", large-scale sculpture, Atacama Desert.|
Humberstone and Santa Laura Salpeter Works
These "Oficinas Salitreras" were declared Chilean National Monuments and World Heritage Sites by Unesco. Located 47 km. East of Iquique, Region of Tarapaca, they are like two ghost towns in the middle of the Atacama Desert, vestiges of what was a time of splendor between the second half of the 19th century until World War I, when the synthetic nitrate began to be produced. The exploitation of Nitrate had in its peak about 200 plants operating simultaneously, these being the two most representative. There are several tourist circuits departing from Iquique, in order to recreate the most important processes of the nitrate industry, as well as to visit the old houses, buildings and facilities of the legendary Mining Camps.
San Pedro de Atacama
|Atacama sand dunes|
Geysers de El Tatio (El Tatio Geyser Field)
|El Tatio Geysers|
Chile is a country of great geographic faults, which explains its high geothermal activity and the existence of many sources of thermal waters. El Tatio geothermal field is located 95 km. North of San Pedro de Atacama village, close to the border with Bolivia, at an altitude of 4,320 mts. above the sea level. It is advisable that the tours are made through a local travel agency and are carried out between 06.00 and 09.00 hrs. since it is during the sunrise that fumaroles are seen in all its splendor, giving the environment an aspect of another planet. In this remote part of the world you can also take a comforting thermal bath.
Observatorio Astronomico ALMA
ALMA is the acronym for Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, the World's largest astronomical facility, nestled in the Chilean Andes 5,000 meters above the sea level, on the Chajnator plateau, one of the driest and highest places on Earth. The ALMA Astronomical Observatory, a 66 high precision Antennas or Radio Telescopes array, belongs to an international association between Europe, North America and East Asia in collaboration with the Republic of Chile. For security reasons and due to its high altitude, the Array Operations Site in Chajnator is not open to visitors, but you can apply for a free of charge entry pass to visit the Operations Support Facility, 2900 mts. a.s.l.
Salar de Atacama
Salt lagoon situated 55 km. South of San Pedro, with its 100 km. long, 80 km. wide and featuring a striking geology, Atacama Salt Flat is Chile's largest salt deposit and represents 25% of the World's lithium reserves. The salt lake is fed by the Rio San Pedro and other sources of water coming from the many Andean ravines. Its surface is largely covered by the salt crust that in certain points opens to let small ponds emerge generating an environment where a rich birdlife subsists and develops. Another point of great scenic beauty, located inside the Salar de Atacama is the Laguna Cejar, of emerald waters and whose main characteristic is its high concentration of salt that allows visitors to enjoy a bath floating on its surface. Not far are situated the Ojos del Salar, two freshwater small lakes from underground aquifers, with reeds and algae growing on its banks. Bathers coming from Laguna Cejar usually plunge here to remove the salt impregnated on their skin. The Salar de Atacama forms part of the Reserva Nacional Los Flamencos, name that derives from the large number of flamingos and other birds that inhabit and nest in the area. Further north, located some 7.5 km. of San Pedro de Atacama, you can visit the archaeological site of Tulor, whose origin is prior to the Christian era (an estimated antiquity of 2,250- 2,800 years) and its remains, which had been buried beneath the desert sand for long centuries, were discovered in 1956 by the Belgian priest Father Gustavo Le Paige. After the finding, subsequent digs have uncovered the original walls of the village.
Valle de la Luna
|Valley of the Moon, Atacama Desert- Photo: explore-atacama.com|
City of Arica
With just over 210,000 inhabitants Arica is the capital city of the "Region de Arica y Parinacota". Because of its strategic location near the border with Peru and Bolivia, Arica is called "La Puerta Norte de Chile" (The Northern Gate of Chile), because of its mild climate, it is also known as "La ciudad de la Eterna Primavera" (The city of the Eternal Spring). Trade with the neighboring countries gives great dynamism to Arica, the connectivity of the city is very good because besides being an important seaport there are the Chacalluta International Airport, the Panamerican Highway known as Ruta 5 Norte and the International Railway Arica-La Paz, in Bolivia.
|Morro de Arica (Cape Arica)|
Beaches of Arica
The mild climate of the city, with little variation throughout the year, also favors its beaches which are frequented by national and foreign visitors year round. Among the best known are Playa Chinchorro, located 2 km. of downtown Arica, of gentle waves, suitable for swimming, diving and water sports, Playa La Lisera, recommended for bathing and children swimming since it has very little surf, here waves practically do not reach the coastline, Playa Brava, as its name suggests, the waves are strong and hardly allow swimming, being one of the most popular beaches among surfers, even recognized worldwide, paradoxically Playa Brava is next to La Lisera, with the calmest waters of Arica, Playa El Laucho, close to Arica downtown, preferred by tourists and young people, especially in summer but also the rest of the year, ideal for swimming, fine sand and clear water.
Chinchorro Culture, Northern Chile and Southern Peru. This part of the North end of Chile has exceptional importance for archeology and anthropology since the current city of Arica and the neighboring Valle de Camarones were the heart where the ethnic group that formed the Chinchorro Culture was established, roughly between years 7020 and 1500 B.C. This people is notable for the funeral rites that they practiced and as far as it is known they were the first ones to develop not one, but several types of artificial mummification, even before the Egyptians. The Museo Arqueologico y Antropologico de San Miguel de Azapa, -another of the great attractions of Arica-, houses mummies of the Chinchorro Culture, the oldest in the World. The museum belonging to the Universidad de Tarapaca is located 12 km. away from Arica.
Parque Nacional Lauca
Lauca National Park, this protected area is one of the top tourist destinations in the North of Chile. Covers an area of 137,883 hectares and is located in the east end of the Region of Arica and Parinacota, bordering Bolivia, its height ranges from 3200-6342 meters above sea level. The main places of attraction in this environment of deep peace are Lago Chungara (Chungara Lake), 192 km. East of Arica, from where the tours generally start, area rich in birdlife including Condors and Chilean Flamingos, Rheas, Small Jergon Ducks, Puna Partridges, the Giant Tagua, other birds and the sighting of specimens such as Llamas, Vicuñas, Alpacas, Guanacos, Cougars and many other minor species. Also notable for the scenic beauty are the Nevados de Payachatas, composed of two potentially active stratovolcanoes, Parinacota and Pomerape, both with more than 6,000 meters above sea level and located on the border between Chile and Bolivia. These summits are exceptional for the practice of mountaineering and have given international fame to the region. This high plateau region was part of the territory where for many centuries developed the Aymara culture, before being subdued by the Incas in the second half of the fifteenth century. Also within the Lauca National Park we find the Lagunas de Cotacotani, a series of small lakes connected by channels 4 km. Northwest of Chungará, its main characteristic is the large number of islets that are actually small mounds caused by the accumulation of lava from ancient eruptions.
City of Iquique
|Port of Iquique,Chile|
Among the main tourist attractions of Iquique are Playa Cavancha (Cavancha Beach), of clean sands and pleasant temperatures like all the beaches in northern Chile, where you can also see lots of surfers since here there are very favorable conditions for the practice of this sport. Surrounded by a modern architecture and the Waterfront Avenue with its public promenade, adorned with palm trees. Because of these characteristics, this part of Iquique has been called, more than once, "the Chilean Miami". To learn about regional history nothing better than a visit to the Museo Naval de Iquique (Naval Museum of Iquique), run by the Chilean Navy, there are many testimonial objects rescued from the Combate Naval de Iquique (Naval Battle of Iquique) occurred on May 21, 1879, major battle that marked a milestone in the Chilean History. There are also many other valuable relics of warships that participated in the Guerra del Pacifico. Located in the old Customs Building, dating from 1871, when the city belonged to Peru, today declared a National Monument. Address: 250 Esmeralda St. Note: This historic building was affected by a serious fire on February 26, 2015, but without affecting the Museum facilities, a restoration and normalization of the patrimonial construction is expected soon.
Museo Corbeta Esmeralda (Corbeta Esmeralda Ship- Museum)
Playa Bahia Inglesa (Bahia Inglesa Beach)
The Region of Atacama, often called by its former name of Third Region, has lovely beaches the most outstanding being Playa Bahia Inglesa, which is like a small coastal paradise encircled by the wilderness of the Atacama Desert. Bahia Inglesa is located 80 kms. of Copiapo, the regional capital and 6 kms. of Caldera, the nearest town. In spite of being still in a stage of development as a tourist center, over the last years it has become one of the most important seaside destinations throughout northern Chile since its beaches are considered among the best in the country. In Bahia Inglesa you can visit several beaches, highlighting Playa Las Piscinas, surrounded by rocks that form small coves ideal to go with children, Playa Rocas Negras, 4 km. South of Bahia Inglesa, Playa Las Machas, one of the largest in the area, etc. The place has all the facilities and accommodation to receive tourists.
City of La Serena
|City of La Serena|
The main attractions of La Serena are its beautiful beaches along the attractive Avenida del Mar, oceanfront promenade located in the most important tourist area of the city, it begins in the Faro Monumental de La Serena (La Serena Lighthouse) icon of the region, and spans 2.5 miles to the neighboring sector of Peñuelas in Coquimbo, where the Avenida Costanera begins. Faro Monumental de La Serena (La Serena Lighthouse) its construction was completed in 1951 and declared a National Monument in 2010, the 30 mts. high structure is one of the most visited and representative places of La Serena, included in all city tours, located by the sea at the beginning of Av. Francisco de Aguirre, today only fulfills ornamental functions. La Recova (La Recova Municipal Market), 370 Cienfuegos St., 4 blocks from the Main Square, a typical and unmissable place in La Serena. Of colonial style, it is one of the most attractive and comfortable municipal markets in Chile, with many local crafts and good prices, a wide range of typical products like papaya fruit in different presentations, you can also have lunch at the restaurants located on the second level of the building.
La Serena is known as "La Ciudad de los Campanarios" (The City of the Bell Towers) due to the large number of temples which holds, many of them declared National Monuments, highlighting the Cathedral, the largest church in La Serena whose current building dates from 1844 but the first construction attempts were in 1633, right next to the temple is the Museo de Arte Religioso (Museum of Religious Art) where you can see sacred art oil paintings belonging to the eighteenth century, ornaments used in Masses of the eighteenth century and old garments of Bishops. There is also the Iglesia de San Agustin, its original construction dates from 1672, built by the Jesuits, during the early years suffered the destruction at the hands of pirate Bartholomew Sharp, its most recent restoration was made in 1994 on the occasion of the 450th anniversary of the city. Other churches that have history in La Serena include Iglesia San Francisco, the only temple saved from the fire of 1680, caused by the pirate Bartholomew Sharp, it is highly representative of the Spanish architecture of the late sixteenth century and one of the oldest religious buildings of that era, dating from 1563 as a Chapel, keeps inside the image of an articulated Christ, Iglesia La Merced, in 1555 arrives in La Serena the Orden Mercedaria (Order of Mercy) and in 1558 founded their first church, but because of pirate attacks, arson and looting, it was necessary rebuild it several times, the final edification corresponds to the year 1709. The current Gothic style tower is of 1830. You can also visit many other churches and interesting heritage buildings especially in the historical center of La Serena such as Iglesia Santo Domingo, beautiful ancient church in the colonial part of La Serena, very well preserved with its stone walls, Gabriel Gonzalez Videla Home - Museum, belonging to ex-President Gabriel Gonzalez Videla, a native of this city, declared a National Monument in 1981, history and art museum whose purpose is to pay a permanent tribute to the former President of Chile, his life and work, Matta Street just across the Plaza de Armas, Gabriela Mistral Building, property today occupied by the Secretariat of Education, in La Serena you can also visit two houses that belonged to the Chilean poet, diplomat and Nobel Prize for Literature Gabriela Mistral as "La Casa de la Palmera" (The House of the Palm) of the nineteenth century located at Avenida Francisco de Aguirre heading towards the Faro Monumental (La Serena Lighthouse), where she lived with his mother and sister, and the house of the Compañia Baja next to the cultural center of the same name, occupied by the distinguished writer and diplomat in her first years of practice as a teacher. Another interesting place to visit is the Museo Arqueologico de La Serena (Archaeological Museum of La Serena), created in 1943 which contains an important archaeological exhibition of the ancient ethnic groups in northern Chile apart from some objects belonging to the Polynesian culture and an original Moai of Easter Island, address: at the corner of Cienfuegos St. and Cordovez St.
Valle del Elqui (Elqui Valley)
|Valle de Elqui (Elqui Valley) - Photo: lan.com|
In Elqui there are many things you can do. Since ancient times the Elqui Valley is known as a generous land which produces the finest grapes of the country, what has led it to become the cradle of the Chilean Pisco, a grape liquor typical of the region. One of the activities is to tour the processing and bottling plants of Pisco, sightseeing tour called "La Ruta del Pisco". In the village of Vicuña, known as the capital of Valle del Elqui you can also visit the Gabriela Mistral Museum, dedicated to rescue and spread the life and work of the Nobel Prize for Literature born here in 1889.
|Astronomical tours in Northern Chile - Photo: royaltours.cl|
2015 Natural Disasters in Northern Chile
By the end of March 2015, there were unusual and heavy rains in the upper areas of the Regions of Antofagasta, Atacama and Coquimbo, which caused mudflow and floods, severe material damage, missing persons and fatal victims. The restoration of the most affected places will take even years of work. However, most of the emblematic tourist sites were not damaged.
Another natural disaster struck the Region of Coquimbo on September 16, when waves up to four meters and a half pounded the shores due to the tsunami following an 8.4 magnitude earthquake. This event was known as the "Terremoto de Illapel", the coast of Coquimbo Region being the most affected by the emergency.